Fog Cannon Suppression System

What is Fog Cannon?
Fog Cannon is an innovative and effective solution designed to control and minimize airborne dust particles in various industries and environments. It utilizes the principle of creating fine water droplets that combine with dust particles, making them heavier and causing them to settle down, thereby reducing their dispersion into the air.

Dust cannons are powerful machines that use high-pressure water to create a fine mist, which is then sprayed over the affected area. The mist particles attach to the dust particles, making them too heavy to remain in the air, causing them to fall to the ground. The result is a significant reduction in dust levels, creating a safer and healthier work environment.

The primary purpose of the dust control water cannon System is to mitigate the adverse effects of dust generated during industrial activities, construction projects, mining operations, waste management, and other dust-prone activities. By suppressing dust, the dust catcher system helps to improve air quality, protect the health and safety of workers, enhance visibility, and minimize the environmental impact of airborne dust.

The dust suppression fog cannon works by generating a dense fog or mist of water droplets, typically between 10 and 100 microns in size, using specially designed nozzles. These nozzles disperse the water at high pressure, creating a fine mist that is propelled by a powerful fan or blower. The cannon for dust control is then directed towards the targeted area where dust is present, effectively binding the dust particles together and causing them to settle.

Dust control cannons are particularly useful in controlling dust that arises from activities such as material handling, excavation, demolition, bulk loading, and transportation. They can cover large areas, reaching distances of up to several hundred meters, depending on the specific model and configuration. The flexibility and versatility of machines allow them to be used in diverse applications, including construction sites, mining operations, quarries, recycling facilities, agricultural fields, and more.

In addition to their dust suppression capabilities, fogging / misting cannon systems often come equipped with features such as adjustable nozzles for precise targeting, remote control functionality for convenience, and intelligent control systems for optimized water usage and energy efficiency.

By implementing a Fog Cannon System, industries and organizations can effectively reduce airborne dust, create safer and healthier work environments, comply with environmental regulations, and minimize the impact on nearby communities. The system provides an efficient and sustainable solution for dust control, supporting improved air quality and overall operational efficiency.

As technology continues to advance, fog cannon systems are expected to evolve further, incorporating smarter control mechanisms, enhanced monitoring capabilities, and increased adaptability to different dust suppression requirements. These advancements will continue to contribute to the effectiveness and widespread adoption of the system as an essential tool in dust management strategies.

Here is a breakdown of the technical aspects of a dust control cannon system :

Spray Nozzle : The cannon spray nozzle is a crucial component responsible for creating a fine mist of water droplets. It disperses the pressurized water into the air, producing droplets typically between 10 and 100 microns in size. The design of the nozzle plays a critical role in achieving the desired droplet size, spray pattern, and coverage area.

Pressure Pump : The spray cannon pump is responsible for pressurizing the water supply to create the required pressure for the nozzle to atomize the water into fine droplets. The pump should be durable and capable of providing consistent water pressure to ensure optimal performance of the equipment.

Fan or Blower : The fan or blower is used to propel the mist of water droplets towards the targeted area where dust suppression is required. The fan creates a high-velocity airflow that carries the mist over a distance, allowing for effective coverage of the desired area.

Water Source : A reliable and sufficient water source is essential for the continuous operation of the dust control equipments. It can be connected to a water supply line or use alternative water sources such as tanks or reservoirs. Some systems may also incorporate water filtration mechanisms to remove impurities that could clog the nozzles or affect system performance.

Control Mechanisms : Cannon spray equipment feature control mechanisms that enable operators to adjust and optimize the system's performance. These mechanisms may include adjustable nozzles for directing the mist, variable fan speed control for adjusting the distance and coverage, and intelligent control systems that monitor and regulate water flow, pressure, and other parameters for efficient operation.

Frame and Mounting : Typically its mounted on a sturdy frame, which may be portable or fixed depending on the application. The frame provides stability and allows for easy positioning and movement of the system as needed.

Optional Features : Some systems may incorporate additional features for enhanced functionality and convenience. These features may include remote control capabilities, weatherproof enclosures for outdoor use, integrated monitoring systems for performance tracking, and automation features for scheduled operation.

When selecting a fog cannon, it is important to consider factors such as the size and configuration of the area to be covered, the specific dust control requirements, water availability, and power source requirements. Adhering to proper design principles and selecting quality components ensures the system's effectiveness, reliability, and longevity in controlling dust and improving air quality in various industrial and environmental settings.

How many types of Dust ?

Dust can be categorized into two main types: organic and inorganic. Organic dust comes from living organisms, such as plants, animals, and fungi. Inorganic dust, on the other hand, comes from non-living sources, such as construction materials, minerals, and chemicals. Both types of dust can threaten human health, and it is essential to control their spread.

Dust Suppression machine working principle

Fog cannon system comprises a high-pressure water pump, a water tank, a control panel, and a series of specially designed nozzles that release a fine mist of water droplets into the air.

The working principle of the equipment can be explained in the following steps :

• The high-pressure water pump pressurizes the water in the tank to a pressure of 10-20 kg/cm3, depending on the model.
• The pressurized water is then delivered to the nozzles through a series of pipes and hoses.

The nozzles are designed with a unique swirl technology that creates a fine mist of water droplets ranging from 10 to 50 microns in size. The swirl technology ensures that the droplets are evenly distributed and cover a large area.

Mist Cannon is designed to rotate horizontally and vertically, allowing it to cover a wide area of up to 60 meters in distance and up to 30 meters in height.

In fog spray machine, the fine mist of water droplets is released into the air, and the droplets begin to absorb dust particles and other airborne pollutants, causing them to become heavier and fall to the ground.

It can be used in different environmental conditions and can be customized to suit specific dust suppression needs. For instance, it can be fitted with a wind sensor that automatically adjusts the angle and rotation of the nozzles to ensure maximum coverage and efficiency.

Its unique features, such as the swirl technology and remote control, make it a highly effective and efficient dust control solution.

MODEL Vayuvents
Usage /
Air Pollution Control Air Pollution Control Air Pollution Control Air Pollution Control Air Pollution Control Air Pollution Control
Throw Range 25-30 Mtr 45-50 Mtr 65-70 Mtr 85-90 Mtr 110-120 Mtr 140-150Mtr
Throw Angle -5 to +45 Deg -5 to +45 Deg -5 to +45 Deg -5 to +45 Deg -5 to +45 Deg -5 to +45 Deg
Oscillation 0 - 320 Deg 0 - 320 Deg 0 - 320 Deg 0 - 320 Deg 0 - 320 Deg 0 - 320 Deg
Automation Grade Manual / PLC/Control Panel Manual / PLC/Control Panel Manual / PLC/Control Panel Manual / PLC/Control Panel Manual / PLC/Control Panel Manual / PLC/Control Panel
Motor(KW) 7.5 kw 11 kw 30 kw 50 kw 60 kw 75 kw
Mounting Type Skid / Trolley Skid / Trolley Skid / Trolley Skid / Trolley Skid / Trolley Skid / Trolley
Material Mild Steel / SS304 Mild Steel / SS304 Mild Steel / SS304 Mild Steel / SS304 Mild Steel / SS304 Mild Steel / SS304
Water Tank 500 Ltr 1000 Ltr 1500 Ltr 2000 Ltr 3000 Ltr 5000 Ltr
Water Motor Pump 1.5hp / CRI / Lubi 2 hp / CRI / Lubi 3 hp / CRI / Lubi 5hp / CRI / Lubi 7.5hp / CRI / Lubi 7.5 hp / CRI / Lubi
Control Panel Schneider / Siemens / L&T Schneider / Siemens / L&T Schneider / Siemens / L&T Schneider / Siemens / L&T Schneider / Siemens / L&T Schneider / Siemens / L&T
Nozzle 12 Nos 36 Nos 54 Nos 80 Nos 110 Nos 130 Nos
Fan Blade 6 Nos 6 Nos 8 Nos 10 Nos 12 Nos 16 Nos
Trolly Mounted 4 Nos wheel 4 Nos wheel 4 Nos wheel 4 Nos wheel 4 Nos wheel 4 Nos wheel

Applications of Fog Cannon Suppression System :

Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals : Industries involved in pharmaceuticals and chemicals often require dust control to maintain strict hygiene standards and prevent cross-contamination. Fog dust suppression equipment aid in suppressing dust generated during material handling and processing, ensuring product quality and employee safety.

Automotive and Aerospace Manufacturing : Dust can be generated during various manufacturing processes in the automotive and aerospace industries, including welding, grinding, and surface treatment. Fog cannons help control dust emissions, creating cleaner production environments and preventing defects caused by dust contamination.

Power Generation Plants : Power plants, especially those using coal or biomass as fuel, face challenges related to dust emissions. Fog dust control system are utilized to suppress dust during the handling, transportation, and storage of fuel materials, reducing the release of airborne pollutants and improving overall air quality.

Food Processing Facilities : In food processing industries, dust control is essential to maintain hygiene standards and prevent product contamination. Fog cannon systems help reduce airborne particles generated during processing, packaging, and material handling, ensuring the integrity and quality of food products.

Sports Fields and Arenas : Dust can be a concern in outdoor sports fields and arenas, particularly in dry or arid climates. Fog machine are employed to control dust and improve playing conditions by minimizing airborne particles that may affect athletes and spectators.

Recycling and Waste Sorting Facilities : Dust is prevalent in recycling and waste sorting operations, where materials are sorted, crushed, or shredded. Fogging equipement aid in suppressing dust, improving working conditions for employees, and minimizing the spread of airborne contaminants.

Military Training Ranges : Military training ranges often involve activities that generate dust, such as live ammunition firing and vehicle movements. Fog cannons are used to mitigate dust emissions, ensure better visibility, minimize environmental impacts, and maintain safe training environments.

These are just a few examples of the diverse applications of fog cannon dust suppression systems. The flexibility and effectiveness of these systems make them an invaluable asset in industries where dust control is critical for safety, health, and environmental concerns.